The Day of the Dead (El Día de los Muertos or All Souls’ Day) is a holiday celebrated in Mexico and by Latin Americans living in the United States and Canada. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died.
This Unique Mexican Tradition is based on celebrate for about 2 days, November 1rst and 2nd acording with the Mexican Tradition, On November 1rst we celebrate the All Saints Day, is the day when the souls of Children return, some people or relatives pray for their children, and leave toys, flowers or the traditional flower called “cempazuchitl”, food, light candles, etc on the cemeteries.
On November 2nd and the most important day, it is the All Souls Day and like it is a Catholic and Mexican tradition, people go to the Cemeteries and do exactly the same they do on November 1rst, also, some day before the celebration begins, they do an “Altar” for the people they love and unfortunately are gone, Three tiered altar, representing the sky, earth and underworld.
Above the last level is placed an arc that represents the gateway to the world of the dead.
Place candles, and religious aspect, the food that the deceased liked, a glass of water for the thirst of the deceased, a photograph of the person to whom is the Altar dedicated, flowers, candy skulls referring to the death , personal belongings of the person, and religious elements as a cross, rosary, etc..
Place the sculpture of a dog or a real dog of the breed Xoloitzcuintle, representing the god Xolotl, it is supposed that the dog will help the souls to cross the Itzcuintlan river (first dimension to get to Mictlan). The bronze xoloitzcuintle should not have an abundance of hair also put a pair of sandals to help the soul to cross the river.
It begins when a person in the house lights the candles of the altar whispering the names of the dead, prayers asking for God to come with good, family members sit at the table and share a meal prepared for the feast, listening to music pleasing, talk about news of the family of the deceased are remembered anecdotes and calling for the intercession of the deceased to God.
The festival is a reunion, though brief, happy, with the promise of achieving them in the afterlife, when the time.
At the end go out the candles and says goodbye to the spirits, wishing them safe journey to the afterlife and asking them to return next year.